• Prenatal perception of breastfeeding recommendation predicts early breastfeeding outcomes of participants in the Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children

    2 monthes ago - By American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

    ABSTRACTBackgroundPrenatal psychosocial factors predict breastfeeding practices but are not assessed in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children .ObjectiveThis study examined how prenatal perceptions of WIC's breastfeeding recommendations were associated with early breastfeeding outcomes.MethodsThis study used longitudinal data from a national sample of 2,053 pregnant participants in the WIC Infant and Toddler Feeding Practices Study-2 in 2013, the only national data assessing prenatal perceptions of WIC's breastfeeding recommendations. Early...
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  • Accurate Measurement of Nutrients and Nonnutritive Dietary Ingredients from Dietary Supplements Is Critical in the Precision Nutrition Era

    2 monthes ago - By Nutrition

    The most recent national survey data indicate that over half of adults and about one-third of children in the United States use ≥1 dietary supplement. Dietary supplements contribute substantial amounts of nutrients and nonnutritive dietary ingredients to the diets of Americans and accurate measurement is critical when assessing dietary intake. Estimating nutrient intake from foods and beverages alone can provide inaccurate information and overestimate the population or subgroups of the population that may be below recommended intake amounts for nutrients ( 3-5 ). On the other end of the...
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  • Reproducibility and Validity of Capillary Dried Blood Spot for Diagnosis of Vitamin A Deficiency and Anemia in Children

    2 monthes ago - By Nutrition

    ABSTRACTBackgroundVitamin A deficiency and anemia are the most prevalent nutritional deficiency in children globally. The dried blood spot method has been used in prevalence studies of VAD and anemia in different age groups. However, it has not yet been validated for children.ObjectivesThis study aimed to assess the reproducibility and validity of DBS in the diagnosis of VAD and anemia in preschoolers.MethodsVenous and capillary blood samples were collected from a representative sample of children
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  • Prevalence of and Factors Associated with Dietary Supplement Use in a Stratified, Random Sample of US Military Personnel: The US Military Dietary Supplement Use Study

    2 monthes ago - By Nutrition

    ABSTRACTBackgroundAbout 50% of Americans and 70% of US military service members use dietary supplements .ObjectivesThis cross-sectional survey examined current prevalence of and factors associated with DS use in service members.MethodsA stratified random sample of 200,000 service members from the Air Force, Army, Marine Corps, and Navy was obtained from military manpower records, and these service members were asked to complete a questionnaire on their DS use and personal characteristics. Chi-square statistics and multivariable logistic regression examined differences across various strata...
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