• Are We Adequately Treating Pain in Children Who Present to US Emergency Departments?: Factors That Contribute to Pain Treatment in Pediatric Patients

    10 monthes ago - By Pediatric Emergency Care

    Objectives
    There are no recent national data on analgesic use for pain treatment in children. Our objective was to determine if there is adequate pain treatment for children in US emergency departments and determine predictors of nonopioid and opioid analgesic administration.
    Methods
    Children younger than 18 years with the diagnosis of extremity fracture, appendicitis, or urinary tract stones were obtained from the National Health Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (2006-2010) and analyzed using logistic regression for complex samples. There were 2 analyses: (1) those who received analgesics...
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  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus Risk Factors and Beliefs Reported by Families Presenting to a Pediatric Emergency Department

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus Risk Factors and Beliefs Reported by Families Presenting to a Pediatric Emergency Department

    10 monthes ago - By Pediatric Emergency Care

    Objectives
    Adolescents are at greater risk for acquiring human immunodeficiency virus due to increased risk behaviors. Parental influence is known to reduce adolescent risk behaviors. We compared HIV risk behaviors reported by adolescents to parents' perception of adolescent risky behavior engagement. We also examined participants' knowledge of HIV transmission and testing preferences.
    Methods
    Participants included English-speaking adolescents and parents presenting to a pediatric emergency department. Participants were interviewed separately in private. Modeled after existing instruments...
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